Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman

February 2, 2021 | Black History Month, G-BLOG

G98.7FM PRESENTS BLACK HISTORY MONTH
Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman in 1895
Photo Credit: Horatio Seymour Squyer, National Portrait Gallery

Harriet Tubman is best known as a freer of slaves, but she was also a suffragist and a nurse, spy, and scout for the Union Army during the American Civil War. 

Tubman was born Araminta “Minty” Ross between 1820 and 1825 in Dorchester County, Maryland. Her exact date of birth is unknown. 

In her early twenties, Tubman entered a martial union with John Tubman, a free black man, in 1844. Slaves were not legally allowed to marry. Upon her marriage, she changed her name to Harriet. 

Five years after Tubman’s marriage, her enslaver died and she escaped to Pennsylvania. She spent the next ten years making approximately 13 trips between Maryland and Pennsylvania to bring her family and friends to freedom.

During the U.S. Civil war, she was a Union nurse, spy, and scout. She took part in a military operation in South Carolina that freed more than 700 enslaved persons. She is considered the first African American to serve in the military. 

As a nurse, she used herbal remedies to treat black and white soldiers. 

After the war, she raised funds to aid freedmen and joined the quest for women’s suffrage. 

Tubman eventually settled in Auburn, New York where she established the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged. She died in 1913 and was buried with military honors at Fort Hill Cemetery.

SOURCES: BIOGRAPHY.COM, SMITHSONIANMAG.COM, WOMENSHISTORY.ORG, YDR.COM

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